HOW TO CYCLE A SHRIMP TANK

Nitrogen cycle is the number one of all ..

Cycling a shrimp tank is the prior step which leads your tank to be success or fail shrimp tank setup. It was so vicious to say but you have to have tons of patient for this process as it could take 2-3 weeks or up to 1.5 month or 2 months and even more depending on the size and condition of your tank.

WHY SHOULD WE CYCLE OUR TANK

  1. To Build Up Colonies Of Beneficial Bacteria
  2. Bacteria Helps Break Down Organic Waste
  3. Healthy Good Water Quality
  4. Stable Water Parameter

WHY WE NEED BACTERIA IN OUR AQUARIUM

All  inhabitants in the tank produce waste, regardless whether is it a fish or snails they produce waste and waste also builds up as a result of uneaten food, dead and decaying plants, dirty filter media and dead fishes etc.
Bacteria’s role is to convert all these into ammonia and ammonia it is very toxic.
As Ammonia levels rise,  good bacteria that converts Ammonia to Nitrite.
Although Nitrite is not as toxic as Ammonia, it is still harmful to fish.As Nitrite levels rise, another good bacteria grows that converts Nitrite to Nitrate. This process is called aquarium cycling or the aquarium nitrogen cycle.Nitrate is generally non-toxic to fish except at very high levels. Nitrate is removed with regular partial water changes…and that’s why partial aquarium water changes are important. But keep in mind when doing water changes, try not to disturb the colonies of beneficial aquarium bacteria that have been established on the hard surfaces of the tank.

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SETTING UP AND CYCLE SHRIMP TANK

visual credit via- Alvin Chan

Step 1 :
Cleaning The Tank

Step 2 :
Install UGF/Sponge/Canister Filter

Step 3 :
Install Lighting


Step 4 :

Spread Couple Tea Spoon Of Enzyme
Then Add Another Thin Layer Of Soil

There are many brands of Enzyme out there in the market, you just have to look and decide which brand would you take in and focus on. eg Brands : Benibachi , SL Aqua, GenChem

Step 5 :
Spread Enzyme Across The Layer Of Soil Again And Fill Up The Tank With Water

Step 6 :
Leave The Tank Alone To Do It’s Job

Using The TDS Pen and measure the TDS in your water. TDS reading may be vary to different region/location. If TDS readings increases after 2 weeks, it means bacteria has kickstart working in your tank and multiply slowly.
This is a VERY IMPORTANT process, you are advise to be SUPERB PATIENT until this process has fully completed! Allow the bacteria to establish in your aquarium to ensure a fully cycled and problem free tank in the long run.
This may takes up to 1 and a half month or 2 and even 3 months, depending on your aquarium size and soil thickness.

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HOW TO OPTIMIZED AND SPEED UP BACTERIA BUILD UP PROCESS

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Temperature

  • The optimum temperature growth of nitrifying bacteria is between 77-86° F (25-30° C).
  • Growth rate is decreased by 50% at 64° F (18° C).
  • Growth rate is decreased by 75% at 46-50° F.
  • No activity will occur at 39° F (4° C)
  • Nitrifying bacteria will die at 32° F (0° C).
  • Nitrifying bacteria will die at 120° F (49° C)
Nitrobacter is less tolerant of low temperatures than Nitrosomonas. In cold water systems, care must be taken to monitor the accumulation of nitrites.

pH

  • The optimum pH range for Nitrosomonas is between 7.8-8.0.
  • The optimum pH range for Nitrobacter is between 7.3-7.5
Nitrobacter will grow more slowly at the high pH levels. Initial high nitrite concentrations may exist. At pH levels below 7.0, Nitrosomonas will grow more slowly and increases in ammonia may become evident. Nitrosomonas growth is inhibited at a pH of 6.5. All nitrification is inhibited if the pH drops to 6.0 or less. Care must be taken to monitor ammonia if the pH begins to drop close to 6.5. At this pH almost all of the ammonia present in the water will be in the mildly toxic, ionized NH3+ state.

Dissolved Oxygen

Maximum nitrification rates will exist if dissolved oxygen (O2) levels exceed 80% saturation. Nitrification will not occur if oxygen concentrations drop to 2.0 mg/l (ppm) or less. Nitrobacter is more strongly affected by low oxygen than NITROSOMONAS.
Providing Good Amount of Oxygen (O2) In Tank Improve Overall Shrimp Health..

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